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"Land Conflicts Leading in Court Cases in Ghana" - Dr. Gyamerah, UCC

Dr. Emmanuel Gyamerah

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Land disputes and litigations have become rampant, causing troubles within and among families, communities and ethnic groups all over the country.

Research indicates that the majority of Court Cases in Ghana are land related. A situation that has directly and indirectly affected the country’s economy and Gross Domestic Product.

Dr. Emmanuel Gyamerah a lecturer with the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension at the University of Cape Coast, in a recent Public Lecture held by the School of Agriculture at the University of Cape Coast said, land conflict continue to increase without any meaningful mechanism to end it.

“Land cases in court in the Central Region constitute about 59 percent out of the total court cases. The average court cases is 25 percent a year and the rate of settlement is as low as 10 percent though this includes the one that was conducted with respect to 2005.”

Speaking on the topic, Land Conflict in Ghana: Causes Effects and Resolutions, Dr. Gyamerah explained that majority of people in the country according to research, have expressed worry over the upsurge in land disputes in recent times and thus wants authorities to as a matter of urgency find an amicable way of bringing them to an end.

According to Dr. Gyamerah, it is about time a regulatory body is established to coordinate land registration in the country. This he noted will strengthen the land registration process in the country thereby reducing it associated conflicts.

 He said such bodies could “regulate all the public land issues in the country whereby if you want to acquire land or buy land there is an office to go, if you want sell a property you can do it like the way it is done elsewhere like Abidjan.”

There should be an integration of costumer administration in land registration mechanism. Anytime there is records transaction at the land commission, they should send the document to the paramount chief or the House of Chief to confirm to know that whether the person who sold the land is a legitimate person. We can have the introduction of rotaries whereby an individual cannot go to the land commission to register a land; there should be an agency; in Abidjan they are doing the same thing and another good key which is PGIS; Participatory Geographic Information System should be adopted by all courts. He added

The Omanhene of Oguaa Traditional area, Osabarima Kwesi Atta II who was present at the lecture expressed his contentment saying, the initiative taken by the school of Agriculture of the University of Cape Coast, wads in the right direction “This is the beginning of this education whereby we can all go out to deal with land matters and I thank the College of Agriculture for this initiative.  If we go to the public, it can help to bring down all the problems we are facing.”

He said he is hopeful the research will be put to use to achieve it intended purpose.